A coherent web framework that helps the user receive appropriate information is the core objective of web accessibility system. To create a seamless web accessibility framework, one must adhere to a few web fundamentals that encompasses web tools, applications, content management system, assistive technologies, code editing software, database scripts like HTML, CSS and java scripts, multimedia resources, and various plug-ins, etc.
The web accessibility factors must channelize effortlessly with the web browser, and other important software functions. Do these web accessibility factors need a software engineer or professional to work on? Of course, not! The interdependencies amongst the various web accessibility tools is quite cordial. On one hand, these applications are simple and does not need much of a technical expertise, while on the other hand, there are other tools that needs an expert intervention by a web developer.
What are the fundamentals of web accessibility?
The web accessibility fundamentals are recognized as per international WAI (Web Accessibility Initiative) guidelines. The guidelines are deciphered from-
User agent Accessibility Guidelines (UAAG)
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG),
Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines (ATAG),
Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA).
What is the implementation cycle of web accessibility tool?
The correlation between the various fundamental features of web accessibility tool is quite phenomenal in nature, for one aspect automates the other and vice-versa. In case a particular component, like the content management system, falls weak in this process, the other assistive technologies and authoring tools offer the required amount of support without exhibiting any complacency.
While defining the web accessible design standards as per ISO/IEC 40500.
Since the web accessible design is to help engage the right audience (people with disabilities) to extract the right amount of information and perceive the message in an appropriate manner, the inclusion of such an audience during the web accessible program development phase (especially during the ideation phase) is quite impactful.
The ideas may range from -
the type of content this section will be most interested in, or
the type of embedded images or videos which will garner the maximum amount of interest,
Specific user information and its distribution across new and frequent users,
Type of information searched mostly by mobile device users, etc.,
By and large, the concept of web accessibility tools has been formalized to offer equal learning and access rights to people with disabilities. The scope of learning on how the web accessibility feature like accessibility techniques, use of HTML codes and scripts, etc. This feature has expanded the horizon of applications and tools using software and hardware functionalities of a machine. When the question arises “how to make a website accessible for the disabled?”, one must utilize information across channels that covers the factors like accessibility, inclusion of issues, and usability of the designed products or tools that meets the common goal of web accessibility by the disabled. Any information related to the web accessibility framework can be extracted from WCAG guidelines.